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The Situation Before And After All Parties Conference (APC)

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Ever since  the  PML (N) Led  Coalition  Government  of Veteran Senior Leader and  Two times  Premier   Mian  Mohammad Shareef  came  to  Power  after  May 11 Elections  in which  they  got  heavy  mandate  from  the  Punjab  Province  where  as  PPPP  was  limited  to Sindh  after  losing the  grip  over  Punjab  Provincial  as well  as  Federal  Seats  during much  echoed  Elections  2013 which  brought  about  many upsets  and   people  started  to wonder  that  How  the  heavy weights  were  defeated  by  youth Leaders  of  PTI  in  Khyber Pakhtunkhwa  where  PTI enjoys  simple  Majority  and running the  government  in coalition with the  Moderate  Religious  Party   Jamaat –e-Islami  .

Whereas Baluchistan saw  a  mix response  since  no party has been able to get any clear  majority and  the same Coalition government is  to decide  the  conflict ridden Baluchistan and face the challenging situation of law and order .As for as   the State of Baluchistan  Assembly  is  concerned ,after  assumption of  the Office of Chief Minister  of   Dr Abdul Malik  , A Nationalist Leader , the  situation  is very ambiguous as  the  cabinet is  yet  to be  inducted. So far , he  has  been  sole Leader  to  lead  the  Conflict ridden  and  now  the  Quake  Ridden  Baluchistan government  where  separatists  have  crippled  the  very roots  of  the  peace  and  people  have  been  living a  appalling life. Even the  Passengers  moving in and  from the  parts  of  the  country are  assailed   on the  National Highways as well as  inter Provincial Routes. As many as 300 innocent passengers have lost their life on ethnic backgrounds during their traveling to Quetta and other Balouch dominated routes. Most of the Killings are claimed balouch separatist Groups. This is a dreadful security and Law and Order situation in Baluchistan But the irony is that still the Malik’s Government going without the cabinet.

Sindh  is  the  same  as  it was  five years  ago  in PPP led Coalition government since  the  same  old  faces  except some  new  faces  made  their  way to the  Assemblies  . The PPP’s long time Coalition  party MQM ,  has  been  keeping  itself  away from the  state  of  Government affairs due  to  their inclination towards  PML  (N)  They have also made their participation in the Government  on conditional basis and their under trial Boss Altaf Hussain went further and  held Referendum on the  basis  that whether  they should join the  Government or  not in coalition with  PPP. Despite being offered  to Join the  Sindh Government on Multiple  Occasion by  PPP representation ,MQM is  deliberately  keep  itself  away  from the state of Affairs of PPP but their Governor is  holding the  key Position and many analysts are  of  the  view  that they will retain the position till  the  end  of  PML (N) government tenure .

ors ,rushing to Dubai ,meeting  Party chief at London , PML (N) Government  has not replaced Governor but rather  retained  the  Governor  of  Sindh  Dr  Isharatul Ibad  . Even he has  been tasked  to monitor  the  Targeted  Operation   led   by  CM  Sindh  Syed  Qaim Ali Shah and  initiated  on the  Federal Government  directives  after  they held  the  Cabinet meeting  at  Governor  House  of  Sindh at after  the  strong  demand  of  Traders and Karachi citizens .

It was  decided  that the  targeted  Operation will  be  initiated  and  turned down the  demand of  MQM  to Deploy  Army for Operation  in Karachi as law and  order Situation was  Abysmal and alarming. after  considering   the  Loc  tension  and  massive deployment of  Army in  Pak-Afghan  border  to  control  the  infiltration, It  was  decided unanimously that  the  Operation will be  carried  out by  Rangers  supported  by  Police  on the lines  of  impartiality  as  no  Office  of  any  Political  party  will be  assailed  on the grounds  of  partiality . So far , MQM has  been  frequently  complaining  against  victimization of  the  MQM  and  arrests of  its workers through Press Conferences   but on the  other  hand  the  rangers  and  Police  spokes persons  reject  such claims  and  add  that   the  action  is being taken  on the  strong intelligence  reports  and  criminal  records  .

Coming  to  KPK  , we  have  experienced  the  worst  state  of  law and  order  situation  since  the  provincial  capital Peshawar  has  become  the  prime target  for  militant  activities  and series  of  Bomb Blasts  herald  the  clear  messages  that   the  terrorists are  running amok  and  the  Federal Interior  Minister  has  been  doing the  job of  just  a  viewer to watch what is  happening in KPK  and  they  do not  seem to be serious regarding security matters concerning the  safety of  precious  lives  of their  fellow  Pakistanis  .

Some  analysts  also  disclose  that  this  may be a  conspiracy  to  fail  the  PTI  Government in KPK  since  it is  very  first time  that  PTI  which is  very  new  in comparison to  the  Professional Political  players    such  as  Jamiat  Ulama –e Islam  , PML N  ,PPP  , ANP  and PKMAP  in respect  of  holding the  important  Government of  KPK may collapse due to challenging law and order situation and prevent them from establishing government in the centre due to long  standing problems  of  Talibanization and Suicide  Bombings   specially tribal belts.

The massive casualties have  already crossed thousands   and  PTI led  government is  between the  devil and deep  see  in controlling  heightened  law  and  order situation which  shows  no improvement  ever since  the  honeymoon period  is  over  as  in Pakistan  it is  rare  to enjoy the   honeymoons  .

If you enjoy the honeymoons, you will be assailed by the powerful goons. The  Most disturbing  is the  Drones  issue  since  drone strikes  are  counterproductive  and  inflict multiple  implications on the  country’s  sovereignty  , Economy  , law and  Order situation and  ignite  a  wave of  hatred  among the  tribal people  specially north Wazirstan . Pakistan has  protested  in United Nations  against  the  drone  strikes  since  they are considered  an attack on the sovereignty of  the Nations  but the  Pakistani pleas  have  not been given due  weightage  by  Obama Administration so far.

As  regards  the  APC  , It was  held  on 9th   September 2013  and  all the  main stream parties  , Chief Ministers and  Governors  of  all fours  provinces  , Chief Army Staff  General  Pervez  Kayani  and  ISI Chief  also  participated  in the  APC  . It  was  decided  after briefing from the  Members and Specially Armed forces Chief and  Intelligence Agency Chief  that  Dialogue  will be  initiated  with the  Taliban since  Pakistan is very peaceful country and  It will prefer  Dialogue  than  initiating iron hand  with the support of  ISI and  Pakistan Army  . But the APC kept the option of military action open in case the talks with Taliban Leaders fail.

All  the  Representatives  of  Main Stream  parties  appreciated the Efforts  and sacrifices  of  Pakistan Army   for the  Sake  of  bringing  Peace in the  region as well as  suppressing militancy  for  the defense  of  the  country  since  Militancy , Terrorism , Religious  Extremism  and  ethnic  Conflicts  have played havoc with the law and order situation and  rocked  the  very roots of  the  country . The  Rising  inflation  and  rapid  devaluation  of  Rupee  has  heralded   serious  repercussions for the  Pakistan having already  fragile  Economy  .  The  fading investments  in the Country  and  growing security concern  on  internal  as well as  External fronts  have  demanded  to  frame  Strict laws  for  the  extermination of  the  anti state elements  who are  mercenaries  and their only role  is  to destabilize  the  country by creating deteriorating law and order situation .

The Most Important  point which  revolves  in  every Pakistani’s  mind  that will  the  dialogue  breed  positive  results  and  who  will  guarantee that  TTP’s multiple  factions will come to terms with the  Government  and accept  the  writ  of   Government since  they do not accept the  accept  even  the  constitution of  Pakistan .  Even the Punjabi faction of Talibans enjoys their unique identity contrasting other Taliban entities.

But  Before  the  dialogue  , there  should  be  a  ceasefire  and  there  should not be  any  attack  on Army convoy  , religious  Places  such as  Mosques  , Imam Bargahs , Temples and  Churches  . There should not be forced Disappearances or kidnappings by TTP Factions.

The above questions are  very  difficult  to be answered  keeping  in view  the  post  APC  scenario as many as  ten  Attacks  have made  including  attack  on Church  in which  innocent  Christians  were  killed . The  Peshawar has  become the  centre of  TTP  activities and  even  Legislators  have  lost their  precious lives  . The most alarming  message  was  the four bomb blasts  in the Provincial headquarters  of four provinces  at the same day by Suicide bombers raising concerns  for  the  success of  talks  with Taliban as was decided  during APC .

The  APC  success  lies  on the  above  questions  and  if  above  questions  go unanswered  then  such APC’s  will  have  the  same  tragic  end  as  was  of  earlier  one’s  on the  same  issues of  terrorism and  Militancy.  Even some  circles  in  Federal Government  specially  Interior  Ministry  are thinking of  revisiting their  Policy on  Security and  Dialogue  .

They have also  drafted  the national Security Policy which is  yet to get  the momentum  along with  strategy  of  Developing  Rapid Response  Force  to cope  with  Situation occurring  time to time  like  the  Sikandar  Solo drama who made  the Capital Police of  Islamabad  on Hold  for  Hours  and  posted  the message for the Security Policy makers  that he  has  displayed  live  show  , watched by millions  of  the  people around the world through live coverage of news channels  that  how a single  armed  person like Sikandar  with help  of  Sincere  wife  and  injured  kids  leaked  the  inefficiency of  Islamabad  Police  that  failed  to put hold  on single superman .

The Demoralized  Police  have  become  a laughing stalk for  the public  and  the concerns of  public  have to   a  level that  they have  lost their  belief on the  Police  completely and consider  taking their  own initiatives  for  self  security  . The Same  is the  situation in Karachi  , Peshawar , Quetta  , Punjab and  other parts of  the  Country.

Finally , the Government has  to rethink ,review  ,revisit and redraft the  policies  and  come  up with  renewed  , innovative  and  lasting solutions  specially the security  to restore  peace  in the country since  peace  is the  first step towards  the  development since  peace  has  multi dimensional  effects  on the country and  it makes the country a  friendly  place  to live  and  let  live  and  invest  the  funds and  contribute  in the  development of  their beloved country.

The PML (N) will  have  to take  bitter  decisions in  national interest to  bring peace  in the  region as Pakistan has  already  paid  heavy  price  for  being one of  the biggest  and important ally of  US  in war against  Terrorism emerging  after  9/11 Strikes  on  WTC . Pakistan has been facing multi faceted threats in the region including internal threats of militancy, Religious Extremism and Ethnic issues.

To cope with the long standing issues, PML (N) Government should take everyone on board, be it dialogue with TTP leaders or initiating operation against the Problem makers. The Security Personnel  should  be  trained  on modern lines and equipped  with sophisticated  weapons and  equipments  to tackle  with emerging  law and  order situation.

 

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Development

INGOS And The Future Of Unemployed Youth in Pakistan

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Pakistan has experienced a mushrooming growth of INGOs and NGOs during the Musharraf era, the Earthquake of 8th October 2008, the super flood of 2010 and the frequent drought in Thar and other desert areas. Many international INGOs helped people in rescue, Relief, Rehabilitation people and reconstruction of damaged houses.

Every INGO came with their own key areas  such as  poverty alleviation , Environment , Peace  , Water and Sanitation ,shelter  , social mobilization and advocacy  ,governance and Democracy , voter education and women representations , Human rights , Child rights  , Old age people  , Alternative Energy such as  Solar , wind and Biogas initiatives , health and education , reproductive health, Honour Killing , religious harmony and other sectors.  So much so that every INGO had own priority to work and even involved local NGOs as implementation partners (IPs). Most of NGOs are funded by Unicef, WHO, European Union ECHO, UK AID, AusAid, USAID, Kingdom of  Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Turkish Government, Bangladesh.

The INGOs benefitted the local youth through employment, vendors and hiring labour for the projects with high wages. I still remember, when I was working with a development organization as Program Manager, I was startled to see youth workers aged between 20 to 30 working in various projects of emergency especially the super floods of 2010. The Average salaries of these youth were equal to grade 16, 17 or even grade 18 government officer thus luring the people to Development sector after shrinking public and private jobs in Pakistan ., They were earning 30 k to 80K per month given their qualification, Skills and experience. The Project Managers, Coordinators, Provincial managers crossed 100K to 300K depending on the INGO and Nature of donor-funding as per approved budget.

A local mason was reported by saying that during 2010  floods he managed to earn 100K in a month by working on shelter projects of an INGO namely Acted. He said prior to flood emergency, he had hardly earned his living and hardly had eaten the two times meals.
He said that INGO contracted him to work on the construction projects and he was under heavy overload that impelled him to hire own workers and even started his own construction company and won contracts.

Another vendor selling paints and sanitary fittings said that working with INGOs, his sales multiplied to extent that he started two warehouses to meet demand.

One of the development workers said that working with the INGOs, He was able to buy his own house in a year as prior to this; he lived in a rented house.

These were the few examples that became the case studies due to the intervention of these International Development Organizations throughout  Pakistan especially in Baluchistan, KPK and Sindh.

Sindh, KP and Punjab experienced severe damages to roads, properties, infrastructure and livestock during the super floods of 2010. INGOs from major  European and Asian countries pour in Pakistan and started working on flood emergency Projects from Rationing to shelters and tents, Health and hygiene kits, Public Health Promotion, Education and Water tankering.

Several Organizations engaged the people for Cash for Work activities in the villages to rebuild their houses and damaged tracks and roads. This gave great satisfaction to these flood affected segments to earn the respectable living working on their village development Plan. Hundreds of educated and talented youth became part of various INGOs and helped their fellow Pakistanis besides the foreign Aid workers. The relief camps were set up as per the Government plan with help of local district Administration.

The government had to fulfil a  mammoth task to mitigate the disaster as it was beyond the capacity of Government to have dealt with all alone but with the help of development partners, it was fulfilled smoothly and effectively.

It was reported that people continued receiving aid for food, shelter and nutritional items from INGOs including the UN agencies such as UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, UNOCHA, UNHCR, FAO, UN-HABITAT, WFP etc for a year. UNOCHA was drawing and preparing maps for the affected areas and it played a pivotal role in targeting the population that needed relief and located them properly. WFP provided food items for adults as well as nutritional products for the children including chocolate, biscuits and milk for infants and babies.

UNICEF promoted the healthy-learning activities among the children such as games, play way learning techniques and painting competitions for children in relief camps and brought smiles back on their faces to forget the miseries of the flood.

All the INGOs did their best and helped the Federal and provincial governments to mitigate the natural disaster and helped in rebuilding the infrastructure and creating resilience among the people.

Now the question arises that asking INGOs to pack up owing to their suspicious activities may lead to making these youth jobless again since they cannot get such handsome salaries even in government or public sectors.

The initiative may put jobs of hundreds of aid workers and development professionals on stake since they have been working in these development organizations for the last 18 years and have gained tremendous knowledge, experience and developed their skills and have become professionals in their field. Snatching bread from their hand tantamounts to throwing them in muddy quagmire of unemployment as most of them have become overage and are not eligible to apply for any government job thus their opportunities become limited with the looming sword of the ouster of these INGOs and ever-shrinking job market.

It is recommended that the Government should regulate the activities of INGO either through SECP or Interior Ministry with the help of Ministries of Social welfare and the Ministry of Labour so that the activities of INGOs and their local implementation partners may be monitored to avoid any breach of trust or violation of regulatory framework envisaged by Pakistan.

The Development partners may help government end the faulty contract system that has plagued the development schemes and incurring the loss of billions through the delivery of substandard structures owing to commissioning and percentage system existing in public sector especially the Government Treasuries and Accounts offices.

The rampant corruption committed by the contractors and the Public works departments call for the government to assign public sector schemes to INGOs/NGOs through competitive bidding and shortlisting on the basis of their previous performance. The Development organizations have deep roots in the masses and may prove beneficial in delivering standard outputs as per the demands of the public.

PTI Government should act sensibly and should come up with INGOs/NGOs governance or regulation policy to curb the suspicious activities of any INGO or local NGO and save thousands of Development professionals specially the Youth from falling prey to the monster of unemployment  as government seems to have no alternate option to engage these professionals elsewhere given  their knowledge in emergency nature projects . Their career will be at stake if the INGOs are forced to close their operations in Pakistan.

Pakistan frequently faces emergencies and natural disasters in terms of food scarcity, drought, malnutrition, stunting and famine in Thar desert of Sindh as well as in the desert areas of Punjab and Baluchistan while these international development organizations may steer the country out of such crises and disasters if their services are availed and valued in the purview of job creation and disaster mitigation instead of forcing them to pack up and leave .

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Democracy

The Conspiracies And The PTI Government

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[su_dropcap style=”default” size=”3″ class=””]E[/su_dropcap]ver since the PTI emerged victorious in the landmark  General Elections of 2018,  formed the government in Center,  Punjab, KPK and coalition Government in Baluchistan, the Oppositions parties could not digest their defeat and start raising their hue and cry regarding the credibility of elections owing to RTS failure. The Opposition’s recent rumpus in the parliament and boycotting the proceedings, has prompted the PTI government to take the tough stand against them owing to their futile attempts to overthrow the government since the parties are facing several corruption charges.

Pakistan has been facing the severe economic crisis due to flawed policies, rampant corruption and mounting burden of loans acquired from the IMF program by both – the PPP and the PML-N. The existing circumstances created by the losers in General Elections 2018 have aggravated the situation.

The Corrupt elite politicians are pushing hard to influence government to issue yet another NRO as practices in Past in Musharraf era.

With PTI hardly completing its two and a half months in government, the impatience of  Opposition has no limits as Moulana Fazal playing key role in bridging the gap between two arch-rivals  I.e PPP and PML-N persuading them to hatch conspiracies against the Government by bringing a Resolution against the Government in the parliament since  PM Imran Khan has already scraped their evil designs by securing Bailout package of $12 Billion Dollars from  Saudi Arabia and yet another is likely expected from UAE  on the basis of deferred payments facility.

Pakistan’s best friend  China has also announced to help Pakistan come out of this financial quagmire by pledging a handsome amount since Pakistan might have suspended the plans to avail bailout package from IMF given the Trump’s absolute pressure on IMF not to give any financial Assistance since America thought that Pakistan will repay the Chinese loans with IMF program. This was the very setback that pushed Pakistan to go for alternate options to strengthen rupee against the dollar and fulfil the balance of payments issue to repay the loans availed by former governments.

The former Finance Minister Ishaq Dar currently availing political asylum, as per reports, have said that the PTI government is responsible for all the mess as their inefficiency and incompetence have dragged the country into the financial quagmire.

Well, Mr Dar has held responsible to the PTI Government but if he is true and innocent, then why he has applied for political asylum despite the suspension of his legal travel documents such as Passport and ID card etc.

It is an old custom that when one cannot solve the issue and dragged the country into financial crisis then, it is easy to shift the responsibility and start blaming the successor for the mess generated by them. Such face-saving tactics are being practised for long to befool the public so that they may not change their loyalties and remain stuck to your side despite injustices and breach trust.

It is debatable that why the arch-rivals have come closer only because they are being prosecuted for the corrupt practices and they need another NRO as offered by former President Zardari to Sharif brothers when both Nawaz and Shahbaz were disqualified to contest Elections and NRO offered by Musharraf to sharifs on the request of Saudi Arab.

Apparently, the joint Opposition is playing a dangerous game of instigating the sentiments and emotions of the people against PTI government such as Zardari is reportedly blamed the government that he was being tried in fake accounts case only because of 18th Amendment since the Government intends to repeal the said amendment. Such a statement has sent tremors of the earthquake to the provinces to resist such movement and is an attempt to create chaos to fail the government.

Perhaps, they are not aware of the fact that the people this time, are well aware of evil designs of these monsters and their misleading, irritating and instigating remarks are aimed at diverting the attention of the people in order to hide their corruption and misappropriation of billions of rupees. They are using the elevated platform –the parliament for personal gains.

Imran Khan is a sportsman and everybody knows that a sportsman always remains under pressure in nail-biting contests but never succumbs to pressure. So these triangular games of PPP, JUI and PML-N won’t bear any fruit because all three are unpopular among the people and their claims of being populist leaders are baseless and deceptive.

Pakistan’s image as a peace-loving country has been recognized with the effective, robust and independent internal and external policies of Imran Khan. In just two and a half months, he has already proved his worth and initiated “Clean and Green Initiative”; to make Pakistan environmentally safe with massive plantation and cleanliness drive.

PM Khan has also initiated the much echoed and trumpeted   “Naya Pakistan” Housing Program to construct 5 million houses for the people throughout Pakistan. This was the really much-awaited project that will benefit people with low-income level.

PTI’s innovation did not stop here, PM Khan went on to announce first-ever “Pakistan Citizens portal” to address the problems faced by Pakistanis globally. It is an online complains management system that will help people get their problems resolved through the portal and by using the Mobile application. The Portal caters to the needs of local people as well as the ex-pats residing in any part of the world. The newly launched portal will prove instrumental in addressing the issues of ex-pats and will play a pivot role in maximizing foreign remittances by removing the complexities.

Even some economists are of the view that Pakistan will prosper if such initiatives are taken, and in coming days, Pakistan will shift from an aid receiver to self-reliance. PTI has painted a positive picture of Pakistan nationally and internationally, it will likely succeed in the resolution of age-long issues of terrorism, health, education, unemployment, energy crisis and economic crisis. These issues are currently dubbed as the biggest challenges.

With strong independent Foreign policy and maintaining cordial diplomatic relations on the basis of mutual benefits and understanding with the neighbours and resolving all the issues with neighbours including the core issue of Kashmir with India, these initiatives will serve as the basis to steer Pakistan out of this political and economic conundrum and impasse.

The opposition’s drum-beating will not serve any interests of the public rather it further plunge the country into governance and financial crisis. Though, soon after elections, Moulana Fazal Rahman’s proposal not to take the oath, received the negative response since all the parties seemed reluctant to such move especially PPP distanced itself from voting or any APCs held by the opposition’s parties.

It is imperative that PTI should not give any heed to such mounting pressure and should only focus on their projects and service delivery. These dissent voices will have the logical end with the passage of time since they don’t have any serious national issue to raise their voice except self-centric desires of getting immunity or NRO to get rid of corruption charges levelled by State institutions and investigated by FIA and NAB. The PTI Government appears resolved to continue the accountability process till recovery of the looted wealth within the country, Dubai and other parts of the world. The Opposition’s claim of being sole targets is baseless and aimed at point-scoring and an abortive effort to get public support. Since PM IK   presented himself voluntary to start accountability process if the opposition has any evidence.

PM Khan is ready to face these challenges and emerge as victorious as the country is desperately looking for an honest and dedicated leadership that steers the country out of crisis and brings prosperity, peace and sustainable growth by crossing all the impediments that may hamper Pakistan from becoming a true welfare state.

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Democracy

Adopting the Best Governance System in Pakistan

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Pakistan has always oscillated between the good and the bad Governance Models as both the civil and the military powers holding the reins of the country one after another.  It is unfortunate for the people of Pakistan that despite the passage of 71 years of Independence, we have not been able to find the best Governance Model yet that may serve our subjects in a better way and bring social and economic prosperity.

The Post-Independence period was tattered as Pakistan faced various economic, Social and infrastructural challenges.Pakistan was deprived of its due share from the joint resources at the time of partition.

Yet, Quaid’s able leadership and brave leadership did not let Pakistan go down since he was visionary and had the clear roadmap to steer the county through crisis to prosperity with planning and untiring efforts.  He was of the View that if Pakistan’s problems were not addressed or resolved, It may have failed as the state.

The consequential Martial Laws furthered the woes of people that implemented  dictatorial laws which were not meant for the people and were contrary to human rights as safeguarded by the constitution. These were the basis that prompted people to denounce such the military coups and raised their voices to regain their freedom of speech and freedom to act according to one’s wishes and intentions.

Pakistan has experienced both the Presidential and parliamentary form of governance. It has also  experienced Civil and Military coups and  even sustained so far except the Fall of Dhaka in 1971 when Sheikh Mujib was denied the Government despite having an absolute majority to form the government.

As a result of Governance Crisis, Pakistan has suffered on many fronts i.e economic, social and Security. The Ill-will of the feudal nature of Politicians has forcibly sunk the ship of Pakistan by creating a leadership vacuum and gave rise to corrupt practices that played havoc with its fragile and fractured path.

The changing Governance Models, lack of proper  Constitutional Development and consensus building have forced the Fragile state to fall in the Governance crisis since no policy framework was followed that may have provided the basis of Constitutional development. The Institutional Building was not initiated that triggered the constant pull in the civil-military relationship.

That was evident from the promulgation of  First Constitution on 23rd March 1956, Nine years after the independence, unfortunately, the Martial law was imposed after two and half years of its inaction on 7th October 1958  by the powerful man in our history General Ayoob Khan.

Being a military General, Ayoob khan wanted a controlled and reasonably weaker form of Democracy, since he believed the western form of Democracy does not suit to Pakistan. Consequently, he introduced the 1962 Constitution which came into force on 1st March 1962.

The biggest change in form governance was the introduction of the Presidential form of government since all the powers vested in the president. He was both head of state and head of Government.  The Provinces were given autonomy, equality of mankind, independence of the judiciary; rights of minorities were salient features of the constitution.

The Islamic advisory council was also constituted to advise Govt. over Islamic injunctions or laws.

The presidential form of Government was more suitable since all the power vested in President who was elected directly and there was no burden of ineffective legislators just the skeleton Ministers, Provincial Governors and the staff was enough to run the state affairs in a very effective manner since decision making was on the fast track.

“Even the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam had envisaged 71 years ago during his speech found in the handwritten paper that the presidential form of Government is suitable for Pakistan since a parliamentary form of Government does not work owing to feudal vested interests, illiteracy and lack of visionary leadership.

Actually, he had given clear roadmap that as long as feudalism and feudal approach exists in Pakistan, the democracy cannot develop its roots  deeper since these feudal politicians have vested interests that are detrimental to people who vote them to power and tantamount to Islamic Ideologies.”

With the resignation of General Ayoob, the constitutional crises once again aggravated with the abrogation of 1962 constitution.

The story unfolded when Sheikh Mujib ur Rahman had succeeded in winning the majority in the first ever general elections of Pakistan held in 1970 but the then military ruler, President General Yahya Khan, had refused categorically to transfer power to him.  Sheikh Mujib was imprisoned in Mianwali. General Yahya resigned succumbing to internal pressure.

Then we had the best constitution gifted by Shaheed  Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto. The 1973 constitution promulgated on  14th August 1973 with an overwhelming majority. The 1973 constitution was the turning point in the history of Pakistan as it was considered the complete constitution which safeguarded the rights of every citizen. Though East Pakistan was separated in 1971, yet Bhutto steer the country out of governance and constitutional crisis and had solved the long-standing issue.

Even, he was not spared, he was hanged under Zia regime and was inducted in the Murder plot of Nawaz Mohammad Ahmad Khan Kasuri’s, consequently hanged on 3rd April 1978. Bhutto during his premiership reshaped the foreign policy and made people friendly and people-centric decisions that disrupted the status quo and had great economic extinct since he wanted to establish a World Islamic Bank in Pakistan with the help of Islamic Countries.

Bhutto’s speech UN general assembly still echoes in our hearts as No leader in our history had made such fearless and emotional speech that rocked the Superpowers.

Unfortunately, we could not get such a brave and fearless leader who could speak eye to eye with the enemies and even to the Superpowers.

Though we had a leader like Mohammad Khan Junejo who was also a good Statesman and had ignited the real dream of Welfare State his powers were curtailed by former Chief Martial law Administrator and later Elected President through the so-called referendum General Ziaul Haq.

Later, Benazir Bhutto, the great daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto rose to heights of success but his teammates sunk her ship through corrupt practices in Government. Then, Pakistan went into the two-party system i.e. PPP and PML from 1988 to October 1999.

In 1999, Pakistan experienced yet another military involvement that sent PML-N government packing by General Musharraf. PM Nawaz was jailed and later released on the interference of Saudi kings and exiled with family.

Musharraf after three years, held elections and his Party PML-Q win the elections. In 2007, Benazir Bhutto returned from Self Exile and apparently assassinated during the Public gathering.

Benazir’s Murder brought the turmoil in the country. PPP won 2008 elections on a sympathy vote and Zardari became the President after Musharraf relinquished due to fears of impeachment.

It was the first time that any civilian Government had completed their term and laid the foundation of Democratic Transition.

The PPP government was not impressive and effective but the only good thing they had done that was the 18th amendments that had offered autonomy to the provinces and few federal ministries were devolved to the Provinces including Health and Education.

The 18th amendment also paved the way for the premier to be elected for the third term as earlier it was just two terms. PML-N won 2013 elections with the majority and completed their term but PM Nawaz was disqualified due to Panama Papers case few months before completion of the tenure.

Finally, democratic transition worked again, and the PTI came into power with the slogan of change and making Naya Pakistan.

if we analyze our history, we would be disappointed to know that most of the time, the Martial Law Administrator governed our country as compared to the civilian Government. This gives the message that Pakistani electoral framework only suits a single powerful system means the presidential form of Government as practised in Turkey, Afghanistan and US.

The presidential form of Government is the strong as the president is the head of State and the head of a Government at the same time. He appoints his ministers from professionals, technocrats and Legislature. He makes timely decisions as a Parliamentary form of Government does not allow implementing policies without the debate and without approval from the parliament.

We are still going through a transition and learning from our past mistakes, yet we need to mull over that which Governance Model suits our people–Parliamentary form of Government or Presidential form of Government or Mixture of both.

It is not the time of meddling with both systems or engage in the debate of good or bad system but we should adopt the best governance system suits Pakistan and benefits the common men and bridges the gap between state and the subjects. The system which provides access to justice offers equal opportunities regardless of religion, caste or creed.

It has been seven decades since independence that we are struggling to form a strong and vibrant system that benefits the people of Pakistan. The issue warrants public debate and is open to the public to give their input which system of Governance may be fruitful for them that strengthens the federation, Federating units and builds the basis of good governance.

Though we have a new government in place but the old players of Opposition Parties PPP, PML-N and JUI, MMA and ANP are giving a tough time to hide their corrupt practices. Therefore,  if we want the state to flourish and prosper, we need to put the presidential form of governance for a four or five year to analyze whether it is physible for Pakistan and produces desired results. Either, We have to part ways with the parliamentary form of Government or adhere to the Presidential form of Government as practised in developed nations of the world.

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