Ever since the PML (N) Led Coalition Government of Veteran Senior Leader and Two times Premier Mian Mohammad Shareef came to Power after May 11 Elections in which they got heavy mandate from the Punjab Province where as PPPP was limited to Sindh after losing the grip over Punjab Provincial as well as Federal Seats during much echoed Elections 2013 which brought about many upsets and people started to wonder that How the heavy weights were defeated by youth Leaders of PTI in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa where PTI enjoys simple Majority and running the government in coalition with the Moderate Religious Party Jamaat –e-Islami .
Whereas Baluchistan saw a mix response since no party has been able to get any clear majority and the same Coalition government is to decide the conflict ridden Baluchistan and face the challenging situation of law and order .As for as the State of Baluchistan Assembly is concerned ,after assumption of the Office of Chief Minister of Dr Abdul Malik , A Nationalist Leader , the situation is very ambiguous as the cabinet is yet to be inducted. So far , he has been sole Leader to lead the Conflict ridden and now the Quake Ridden Baluchistan government where separatists have crippled the very roots of the peace and people have been living a appalling life. Even the Passengers moving in and from the parts of the country are assailed on the National Highways as well as inter Provincial Routes. As many as 300 innocent passengers have lost their life on ethnic backgrounds during their traveling to Quetta and other Balouch dominated routes. Most of the Killings are claimed balouch separatist Groups. This is a dreadful security and Law and Order situation in Baluchistan But the irony is that still the Malik’s Government going without the cabinet.
Sindh is the same as it was five years ago in PPP led Coalition government since the same old faces except some new faces made their way to the Assemblies . The PPP’s long time Coalition party MQM , has been keeping itself away from the state of Government affairs due to their inclination towards PML (N) They have also made their participation in the Government on conditional basis and their under trial Boss Altaf Hussain went further and held Referendum on the basis that whether they should join the Government or not in coalition with PPP. Despite being offered to Join the Sindh Government on Multiple Occasion by PPP representation ,MQM is deliberately keep itself away from the state of Affairs of PPP but their Governor is holding the key Position and many analysts are of the view that they will retain the position till the end of PML (N) government tenure .
ors ,rushing to Dubai ,meeting Party chief at London , PML (N) Government has not replaced Governor but rather retained the Governor of Sindh Dr Isharatul Ibad . Even he has been tasked to monitor the Targeted Operation led by CM Sindh Syed Qaim Ali Shah and initiated on the Federal Government directives after they held the Cabinet meeting at Governor House of Sindh at after the strong demand of Traders and Karachi citizens .
It was decided that the targeted Operation will be initiated and turned down the demand of MQM to Deploy Army for Operation in Karachi as law and order Situation was Abysmal and alarming. after considering the Loc tension and massive deployment of Army in Pak-Afghan border to control the infiltration, It was decided unanimously that the Operation will be carried out by Rangers supported by Police on the lines of impartiality as no Office of any Political party will be assailed on the grounds of partiality . So far , MQM has been frequently complaining against victimization of the MQM and arrests of its workers through Press Conferences but on the other hand the rangers and Police spokes persons reject such claims and add that the action is being taken on the strong intelligence reports and criminal records .
Coming to KPK , we have experienced the worst state of law and order situation since the provincial capital Peshawar has become the prime target for militant activities and series of Bomb Blasts herald the clear messages that the terrorists are running amok and the Federal Interior Minister has been doing the job of just a viewer to watch what is happening in KPK and they do not seem to be serious regarding security matters concerning the safety of precious lives of their fellow Pakistanis .
Some analysts also disclose that this may be a conspiracy to fail the PTI Government in KPK since it is very first time that PTI which is very new in comparison to the Professional Political players such as Jamiat Ulama –e Islam , PML N ,PPP , ANP and PKMAP in respect of holding the important Government of KPK may collapse due to challenging law and order situation and prevent them from establishing government in the centre due to long standing problems of Talibanization and Suicide Bombings specially tribal belts.
The massive casualties have already crossed thousands and PTI led government is between the devil and deep see in controlling heightened law and order situation which shows no improvement ever since the honeymoon period is over as in Pakistan it is rare to enjoy the honeymoons .
If you enjoy the honeymoons, you will be assailed by the powerful goons. The Most disturbing is the Drones issue since drone strikes are counterproductive and inflict multiple implications on the country’s sovereignty , Economy , law and Order situation and ignite a wave of hatred among the tribal people specially north Wazirstan . Pakistan has protested in United Nations against the drone strikes since they are considered an attack on the sovereignty of the Nations but the Pakistani pleas have not been given due weightage by Obama Administration so far.
As regards the APC , It was held on 9th September 2013 and all the main stream parties , Chief Ministers and Governors of all fours provinces , Chief Army Staff General Pervez Kayani and ISI Chief also participated in the APC . It was decided after briefing from the Members and Specially Armed forces Chief and Intelligence Agency Chief that Dialogue will be initiated with the Taliban since Pakistan is very peaceful country and It will prefer Dialogue than initiating iron hand with the support of ISI and Pakistan Army . But the APC kept the option of military action open in case the talks with Taliban Leaders fail.
All the Representatives of Main Stream parties appreciated the Efforts and sacrifices of Pakistan Army for the Sake of bringing Peace in the region as well as suppressing militancy for the defense of the country since Militancy , Terrorism , Religious Extremism and ethnic Conflicts have played havoc with the law and order situation and rocked the very roots of the country . The Rising inflation and rapid devaluation of Rupee has heralded serious repercussions for the Pakistan having already fragile Economy . The fading investments in the Country and growing security concern on internal as well as External fronts have demanded to frame Strict laws for the extermination of the anti state elements who are mercenaries and their only role is to destabilize the country by creating deteriorating law and order situation .
The Most Important point which revolves in every Pakistani’s mind that will the dialogue breed positive results and who will guarantee that TTP’s multiple factions will come to terms with the Government and accept the writ of Government since they do not accept the accept even the constitution of Pakistan . Even the Punjabi faction of Talibans enjoys their unique identity contrasting other Taliban entities.
But Before the dialogue , there should be a ceasefire and there should not be any attack on Army convoy , religious Places such as Mosques , Imam Bargahs , Temples and Churches . There should not be forced Disappearances or kidnappings by TTP Factions.
The above questions are very difficult to be answered keeping in view the post APC scenario as many as ten Attacks have made including attack on Church in which innocent Christians were killed . The Peshawar has become the centre of TTP activities and even Legislators have lost their precious lives . The most alarming message was the four bomb blasts in the Provincial headquarters of four provinces at the same day by Suicide bombers raising concerns for the success of talks with Taliban as was decided during APC .
The APC success lies on the above questions and if above questions go unanswered then such APC’s will have the same tragic end as was of earlier one’s on the same issues of terrorism and Militancy. Even some circles in Federal Government specially Interior Ministry are thinking of revisiting their Policy on Security and Dialogue .
They have also drafted the national Security Policy which is yet to get the momentum along with strategy of Developing Rapid Response Force to cope with Situation occurring time to time like the Sikandar Solo drama who made the Capital Police of Islamabad on Hold for Hours and posted the message for the Security Policy makers that he has displayed live show , watched by millions of the people around the world through live coverage of news channels that how a single armed person like Sikandar with help of Sincere wife and injured kids leaked the inefficiency of Islamabad Police that failed to put hold on single superman .
The Demoralized Police have become a laughing stalk for the public and the concerns of public have to a level that they have lost their belief on the Police completely and consider taking their own initiatives for self security . The Same is the situation in Karachi , Peshawar , Quetta , Punjab and other parts of the Country.
Finally , the Government has to rethink ,review ,revisit and redraft the policies and come up with renewed , innovative and lasting solutions specially the security to restore peace in the country since peace is the first step towards the development since peace has multi dimensional effects on the country and it makes the country a friendly place to live and let live and invest the funds and contribute in the development of their beloved country.
The PML (N) will have to take bitter decisions in national interest to bring peace in the region as Pakistan has already paid heavy price for being one of the biggest and important ally of US in war against Terrorism emerging after 9/11 Strikes on WTC . Pakistan has been facing multi faceted threats in the region including internal threats of militancy, Religious Extremism and Ethnic issues.
To cope with the long standing issues, PML (N) Government should take everyone on board, be it dialogue with TTP leaders or initiating operation against the Problem makers. The Security Personnel should be trained on modern lines and equipped with sophisticated weapons and equipments to tackle with emerging law and order situation.
INGOS And The Future Of Unemployed Youth in Pakistan
Pakistan has experienced a mushrooming growth of INGOs and NGOs during the Musharraf era, the Earthquake of 8th October 2008, the super flood of 2010 and the frequent drought in Thar and other desert areas. Many international INGOs helped people in rescue, Relief, Rehabilitation people and reconstruction of damaged houses.
Every INGO came with their own key areas such as poverty alleviation , Environment , Peace , Water and Sanitation ,shelter , social mobilization and advocacy ,governance and Democracy , voter education and women representations , Human rights , Child rights , Old age people , Alternative Energy such as Solar , wind and Biogas initiatives , health and education , reproductive health, Honour Killing , religious harmony and other sectors. So much so that every INGO had own priority to work and even involved local NGOs as implementation partners (IPs). Most of NGOs are funded by Unicef, WHO, European Union ECHO, UK AID, AusAid, USAID, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar, Turkish Government, Bangladesh.
The INGOs benefitted the local youth through employment, vendors and hiring labour for the projects with high wages. I still remember, when I was working with a development organization as Program Manager, I was startled to see youth workers aged between 20 to 30 working in various projects of emergency especially the super floods of 2010. The Average salaries of these youth were equal to grade 16, 17 or even grade 18 government officer thus luring the people to Development sector after shrinking public and private jobs in Pakistan ., They were earning 30 k to 80K per month given their qualification, Skills and experience. The Project Managers, Coordinators, Provincial managers crossed 100K to 300K depending on the INGO and Nature of donor-funding as per approved budget.
A local mason was reported by saying that during 2010 floods he managed to earn 100K in a month by working on shelter projects of an INGO namely Acted. He said prior to flood emergency, he had hardly earned his living and hardly had eaten the two times meals.
He said that INGO contracted him to work on the construction projects and he was under heavy overload that impelled him to hire own workers and even started his own construction company and won contracts.
Another vendor selling paints and sanitary fittings said that working with INGOs, his sales multiplied to extent that he started two warehouses to meet demand.
One of the development workers said that working with the INGOs, He was able to buy his own house in a year as prior to this; he lived in a rented house.
These were the few examples that became the case studies due to the intervention of these International Development Organizations throughout Pakistan especially in Baluchistan, KPK and Sindh.
Sindh, KP and Punjab experienced severe damages to roads, properties, infrastructure and livestock during the super floods of 2010. INGOs from major European and Asian countries pour in Pakistan and started working on flood emergency Projects from Rationing to shelters and tents, Health and hygiene kits, Public Health Promotion, Education and Water tankering.
Several Organizations engaged the people for Cash for Work activities in the villages to rebuild their houses and damaged tracks and roads. This gave great satisfaction to these flood affected segments to earn the respectable living working on their village development Plan. Hundreds of educated and talented youth became part of various INGOs and helped their fellow Pakistanis besides the foreign Aid workers. The relief camps were set up as per the Government plan with help of local district Administration.
The government had to fulfil a mammoth task to mitigate the disaster as it was beyond the capacity of Government to have dealt with all alone but with the help of development partners, it was fulfilled smoothly and effectively.
It was reported that people continued receiving aid for food, shelter and nutritional items from INGOs including the UN agencies such as UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, UNOCHA, UNHCR, FAO, UN-HABITAT, WFP etc for a year. UNOCHA was drawing and preparing maps for the affected areas and it played a pivotal role in targeting the population that needed relief and located them properly. WFP provided food items for adults as well as nutritional products for the children including chocolate, biscuits and milk for infants and babies.
UNICEF promoted the healthy-learning activities among the children such as games, play way learning techniques and painting competitions for children in relief camps and brought smiles back on their faces to forget the miseries of the flood.
All the INGOs did their best and helped the Federal and provincial governments to mitigate the natural disaster and helped in rebuilding the infrastructure and creating resilience among the people.
Now the question arises that asking INGOs to pack up owing to their suspicious activities may lead to making these youth jobless again since they cannot get such handsome salaries even in government or public sectors.
The initiative may put jobs of hundreds of aid workers and development professionals on stake since they have been working in these development organizations for the last 18 years and have gained tremendous knowledge, experience and developed their skills and have become professionals in their field. Snatching bread from their hand tantamounts to throwing them in muddy quagmire of unemployment as most of them have become overage and are not eligible to apply for any government job thus their opportunities become limited with the looming sword of the ouster of these INGOs and ever-shrinking job market.
It is recommended that the Government should regulate the activities of INGO either through SECP or Interior Ministry with the help of Ministries of Social welfare and the Ministry of Labour so that the activities of INGOs and their local implementation partners may be monitored to avoid any breach of trust or violation of regulatory framework envisaged by Pakistan.
The Development partners may help government end the faulty contract system that has plagued the development schemes and incurring the loss of billions through the delivery of substandard structures owing to commissioning and percentage system existing in public sector especially the Government Treasuries and Accounts offices.
The rampant corruption committed by the contractors and the Public works departments call for the government to assign public sector schemes to INGOs/NGOs through competitive bidding and shortlisting on the basis of their previous performance. The Development organizations have deep roots in the masses and may prove beneficial in delivering standard outputs as per the demands of the public.
PTI Government should act sensibly and should come up with INGOs/NGOs governance or regulation policy to curb the suspicious activities of any INGO or local NGO and save thousands of Development professionals specially the Youth from falling prey to the monster of unemployment as government seems to have no alternate option to engage these professionals elsewhere given their knowledge in emergency nature projects . Their career will be at stake if the INGOs are forced to close their operations in Pakistan.
Pakistan frequently faces emergencies and natural disasters in terms of food scarcity, drought, malnutrition, stunting and famine in Thar desert of Sindh as well as in the desert areas of Punjab and Baluchistan while these international development organizations may steer the country out of such crises and disasters if their services are availed and valued in the purview of job creation and disaster mitigation instead of forcing them to pack up and leave .
The Conspiracies And The PTI Government
[su_dropcap style=”default” size=”3″ class=””]E[/su_dropcap]ver since the PTI emerged victorious in the landmark General Elections of 2018, formed the government in Center, Punjab, KPK and coalition Government in Baluchistan, the Oppositions parties could not digest their defeat and start raising their hue and cry regarding the credibility of elections owing to RTS failure. The Opposition’s recent rumpus in the parliament and boycotting the proceedings, has prompted the PTI government to take the tough stand against them owing to their futile attempts to overthrow the government since the parties are facing several corruption charges.
Pakistan has been facing the severe economic crisis due to flawed policies, rampant corruption and mounting burden of loans acquired from the IMF program by both – the PPP and the PML-N. The existing circumstances created by the losers in General Elections 2018 have aggravated the situation.
The Corrupt elite politicians are pushing hard to influence government to issue yet another NRO as practices in Past in Musharraf era.
With PTI hardly completing its two and a half months in government, the impatience of Opposition has no limits as Moulana Fazal playing key role in bridging the gap between two arch-rivals I.e PPP and PML-N persuading them to hatch conspiracies against the Government by bringing a Resolution against the Government in the parliament since PM Imran Khan has already scraped their evil designs by securing Bailout package of $12 Billion Dollars from Saudi Arabia and yet another is likely expected from UAE on the basis of deferred payments facility.
Pakistan’s best friend China has also announced to help Pakistan come out of this financial quagmire by pledging a handsome amount since Pakistan might have suspended the plans to avail bailout package from IMF given the Trump’s absolute pressure on IMF not to give any financial Assistance since America thought that Pakistan will repay the Chinese loans with IMF program. This was the very setback that pushed Pakistan to go for alternate options to strengthen rupee against the dollar and fulfil the balance of payments issue to repay the loans availed by former governments.
The former Finance Minister Ishaq Dar currently availing political asylum, as per reports, have said that the PTI government is responsible for all the mess as their inefficiency and incompetence have dragged the country into the financial quagmire.
Well, Mr Dar has held responsible to the PTI Government but if he is true and innocent, then why he has applied for political asylum despite the suspension of his legal travel documents such as Passport and ID card etc.
It is an old custom that when one cannot solve the issue and dragged the country into financial crisis then, it is easy to shift the responsibility and start blaming the successor for the mess generated by them. Such face-saving tactics are being practised for long to befool the public so that they may not change their loyalties and remain stuck to your side despite injustices and breach trust.
It is debatable that why the arch-rivals have come closer only because they are being prosecuted for the corrupt practices and they need another NRO as offered by former President Zardari to Sharif brothers when both Nawaz and Shahbaz were disqualified to contest Elections and NRO offered by Musharraf to sharifs on the request of Saudi Arab.
Apparently, the joint Opposition is playing a dangerous game of instigating the sentiments and emotions of the people against PTI government such as Zardari is reportedly blamed the government that he was being tried in fake accounts case only because of 18th Amendment since the Government intends to repeal the said amendment. Such a statement has sent tremors of the earthquake to the provinces to resist such movement and is an attempt to create chaos to fail the government.
Perhaps, they are not aware of the fact that the people this time, are well aware of evil designs of these monsters and their misleading, irritating and instigating remarks are aimed at diverting the attention of the people in order to hide their corruption and misappropriation of billions of rupees. They are using the elevated platform –the parliament for personal gains.
Imran Khan is a sportsman and everybody knows that a sportsman always remains under pressure in nail-biting contests but never succumbs to pressure. So these triangular games of PPP, JUI and PML-N won’t bear any fruit because all three are unpopular among the people and their claims of being populist leaders are baseless and deceptive.
Pakistan’s image as a peace-loving country has been recognized with the effective, robust and independent internal and external policies of Imran Khan. In just two and a half months, he has already proved his worth and initiated “Clean and Green Initiative”; to make Pakistan environmentally safe with massive plantation and cleanliness drive.
PM Khan has also initiated the much echoed and trumpeted “Naya Pakistan” Housing Program to construct 5 million houses for the people throughout Pakistan. This was the really much-awaited project that will benefit people with low-income level.
PTI’s innovation did not stop here, PM Khan went on to announce first-ever “Pakistan Citizens portal” to address the problems faced by Pakistanis globally. It is an online complains management system that will help people get their problems resolved through the portal and by using the Mobile application. The Portal caters to the needs of local people as well as the ex-pats residing in any part of the world. The newly launched portal will prove instrumental in addressing the issues of ex-pats and will play a pivot role in maximizing foreign remittances by removing the complexities.
Even some economists are of the view that Pakistan will prosper if such initiatives are taken, and in coming days, Pakistan will shift from an aid receiver to self-reliance. PTI has painted a positive picture of Pakistan nationally and internationally, it will likely succeed in the resolution of age-long issues of terrorism, health, education, unemployment, energy crisis and economic crisis. These issues are currently dubbed as the biggest challenges.
With strong independent Foreign policy and maintaining cordial diplomatic relations on the basis of mutual benefits and understanding with the neighbours and resolving all the issues with neighbours including the core issue of Kashmir with India, these initiatives will serve as the basis to steer Pakistan out of this political and economic conundrum and impasse.
The opposition’s drum-beating will not serve any interests of the public rather it further plunge the country into governance and financial crisis. Though, soon after elections, Moulana Fazal Rahman’s proposal not to take the oath, received the negative response since all the parties seemed reluctant to such move especially PPP distanced itself from voting or any APCs held by the opposition’s parties.
It is imperative that PTI should not give any heed to such mounting pressure and should only focus on their projects and service delivery. These dissent voices will have the logical end with the passage of time since they don’t have any serious national issue to raise their voice except self-centric desires of getting immunity or NRO to get rid of corruption charges levelled by State institutions and investigated by FIA and NAB. The PTI Government appears resolved to continue the accountability process till recovery of the looted wealth within the country, Dubai and other parts of the world. The Opposition’s claim of being sole targets is baseless and aimed at point-scoring and an abortive effort to get public support. Since PM IK presented himself voluntary to start accountability process if the opposition has any evidence.
PM Khan is ready to face these challenges and emerge as victorious as the country is desperately looking for an honest and dedicated leadership that steers the country out of crisis and brings prosperity, peace and sustainable growth by crossing all the impediments that may hamper Pakistan from becoming a true welfare state.
Adopting the Best Governance System in Pakistan
Pakistan has always oscillated between the good and the bad Governance Models as both the civil and the military powers holding the reins of the country one after another. It is unfortunate for the people of Pakistan that despite the passage of 71 years of Independence, we have not been able to find the best Governance Model yet that may serve our subjects in a better way and bring social and economic prosperity.
The Post-Independence period was tattered as Pakistan faced various economic, Social and infrastructural challenges.Pakistan was deprived of its due share from the joint resources at the time of partition.
Yet, Quaid’s able leadership and brave leadership did not let Pakistan go down since he was visionary and had the clear roadmap to steer the county through crisis to prosperity with planning and untiring efforts. He was of the View that if Pakistan’s problems were not addressed or resolved, It may have failed as the state.
The consequential Martial Laws furthered the woes of people that implemented dictatorial laws which were not meant for the people and were contrary to human rights as safeguarded by the constitution. These were the basis that prompted people to denounce such the military coups and raised their voices to regain their freedom of speech and freedom to act according to one’s wishes and intentions.
Pakistan has experienced both the Presidential and parliamentary form of governance. It has also experienced Civil and Military coups and even sustained so far except the Fall of Dhaka in 1971 when Sheikh Mujib was denied the Government despite having an absolute majority to form the government.
As a result of Governance Crisis, Pakistan has suffered on many fronts i.e economic, social and Security. The Ill-will of the feudal nature of Politicians has forcibly sunk the ship of Pakistan by creating a leadership vacuum and gave rise to corrupt practices that played havoc with its fragile and fractured path.
The changing Governance Models, lack of proper Constitutional Development and consensus building have forced the Fragile state to fall in the Governance crisis since no policy framework was followed that may have provided the basis of Constitutional development. The Institutional Building was not initiated that triggered the constant pull in the civil-military relationship.
That was evident from the promulgation of First Constitution on 23rd March 1956, Nine years after the independence, unfortunately, the Martial law was imposed after two and half years of its inaction on 7th October 1958 by the powerful man in our history General Ayoob Khan.
Being a military General, Ayoob khan wanted a controlled and reasonably weaker form of Democracy, since he believed the western form of Democracy does not suit to Pakistan. Consequently, he introduced the 1962 Constitution which came into force on 1st March 1962.
The biggest change in form governance was the introduction of the Presidential form of government since all the powers vested in the president. He was both head of state and head of Government. The Provinces were given autonomy, equality of mankind, independence of the judiciary; rights of minorities were salient features of the constitution.
The Islamic advisory council was also constituted to advise Govt. over Islamic injunctions or laws.
The presidential form of Government was more suitable since all the power vested in President who was elected directly and there was no burden of ineffective legislators just the skeleton Ministers, Provincial Governors and the staff was enough to run the state affairs in a very effective manner since decision making was on the fast track.
“Even the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam had envisaged 71 years ago during his speech found in the handwritten paper that the presidential form of Government is suitable for Pakistan since a parliamentary form of Government does not work owing to feudal vested interests, illiteracy and lack of visionary leadership.
Actually, he had given clear roadmap that as long as feudalism and feudal approach exists in Pakistan, the democracy cannot develop its roots deeper since these feudal politicians have vested interests that are detrimental to people who vote them to power and tantamount to Islamic Ideologies.”
With the resignation of General Ayoob, the constitutional crises once again aggravated with the abrogation of 1962 constitution.
The story unfolded when Sheikh Mujib ur Rahman had succeeded in winning the majority in the first ever general elections of Pakistan held in 1970 but the then military ruler, President General Yahya Khan, had refused categorically to transfer power to him. Sheikh Mujib was imprisoned in Mianwali. General Yahya resigned succumbing to internal pressure.
Then we had the best constitution gifted by Shaheed Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto. The 1973 constitution promulgated on 14th August 1973 with an overwhelming majority. The 1973 constitution was the turning point in the history of Pakistan as it was considered the complete constitution which safeguarded the rights of every citizen. Though East Pakistan was separated in 1971, yet Bhutto steer the country out of governance and constitutional crisis and had solved the long-standing issue.
Even, he was not spared, he was hanged under Zia regime and was inducted in the Murder plot of Nawaz Mohammad Ahmad Khan Kasuri’s, consequently hanged on 3rd April 1978. Bhutto during his premiership reshaped the foreign policy and made people friendly and people-centric decisions that disrupted the status quo and had great economic extinct since he wanted to establish a World Islamic Bank in Pakistan with the help of Islamic Countries.
Bhutto’s speech UN general assembly still echoes in our hearts as No leader in our history had made such fearless and emotional speech that rocked the Superpowers.
Unfortunately, we could not get such a brave and fearless leader who could speak eye to eye with the enemies and even to the Superpowers.
Though we had a leader like Mohammad Khan Junejo who was also a good Statesman and had ignited the real dream of Welfare State his powers were curtailed by former Chief Martial law Administrator and later Elected President through the so-called referendum General Ziaul Haq.
Later, Benazir Bhutto, the great daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto rose to heights of success but his teammates sunk her ship through corrupt practices in Government. Then, Pakistan went into the two-party system i.e. PPP and PML from 1988 to October 1999.
In 1999, Pakistan experienced yet another military involvement that sent PML-N government packing by General Musharraf. PM Nawaz was jailed and later released on the interference of Saudi kings and exiled with family.
Musharraf after three years, held elections and his Party PML-Q win the elections. In 2007, Benazir Bhutto returned from Self Exile and apparently assassinated during the Public gathering.
Benazir’s Murder brought the turmoil in the country. PPP won 2008 elections on a sympathy vote and Zardari became the President after Musharraf relinquished due to fears of impeachment.
It was the first time that any civilian Government had completed their term and laid the foundation of Democratic Transition.
The PPP government was not impressive and effective but the only good thing they had done that was the 18th amendments that had offered autonomy to the provinces and few federal ministries were devolved to the Provinces including Health and Education.
The 18th amendment also paved the way for the premier to be elected for the third term as earlier it was just two terms. PML-N won 2013 elections with the majority and completed their term but PM Nawaz was disqualified due to Panama Papers case few months before completion of the tenure.
Finally, democratic transition worked again, and the PTI came into power with the slogan of change and making Naya Pakistan.
if we analyze our history, we would be disappointed to know that most of the time, the Martial Law Administrator governed our country as compared to the civilian Government. This gives the message that Pakistani electoral framework only suits a single powerful system means the presidential form of Government as practised in Turkey, Afghanistan and US.
The presidential form of Government is the strong as the president is the head of State and the head of a Government at the same time. He appoints his ministers from professionals, technocrats and Legislature. He makes timely decisions as a Parliamentary form of Government does not allow implementing policies without the debate and without approval from the parliament.
We are still going through a transition and learning from our past mistakes, yet we need to mull over that which Governance Model suits our people–Parliamentary form of Government or Presidential form of Government or Mixture of both.
It is not the time of meddling with both systems or engage in the debate of good or bad system but we should adopt the best governance system suits Pakistan and benefits the common men and bridges the gap between state and the subjects. The system which provides access to justice offers equal opportunities regardless of religion, caste or creed.
It has been seven decades since independence that we are struggling to form a strong and vibrant system that benefits the people of Pakistan. The issue warrants public debate and is open to the public to give their input which system of Governance may be fruitful for them that strengthens the federation, Federating units and builds the basis of good governance.
Though we have a new government in place but the old players of Opposition Parties PPP, PML-N and JUI, MMA and ANP are giving a tough time to hide their corrupt practices. Therefore, if we want the state to flourish and prosper, we need to put the presidential form of governance for a four or five year to analyze whether it is physible for Pakistan and produces desired results. Either, We have to part ways with the parliamentary form of Government or adhere to the Presidential form of Government as practised in developed nations of the world.
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