Five minutes past midnight on April 10 2022, Pakistan’s National Assembly voted out Prime Minister Imran Khan. The PTI did its best to frame the vote as a choice between independent foreign policy or reverting to the orbit of the west. The theme of a foreign conspiracy and regime change seems farfetched. Domestic factors particularly the nature of Pakistan’s constitutional dispensation and political culture were played out in full view of the public.
All political parties are patriotic and dedicated to the welfare of the nation. There were many domestic issues such as inflation, debt and a precarious economy together with mis-governance that contributed to the political upheaval. Khan’s downfall was the result of a motley alliance of the diverse forces cobbled together by circumstances and for the sole purpose of the ousting of his government.
However, viewed in the kaleidoscopic context of the global strategic chess board, the outcome of the vote cannot but be construed as Pakistan traversing back its tentative steps at creating a strategic space for itself by forging equidistant relations in an east-west polarized world.
The political parties arrayed against Khan are all known pro-west entities that for good reasons believe that with its economic vulnerabilities Pakistan can ill afford an antagonistic posture towards the west. The ‘beggars cannot be choosers’ comment by Shehbaz Sharif aptly summed up the dilemma.
Opting for a safe corner is understandable but whether turbulent forces unleashed around will allow Pakistan to prosper in peace is difficult to surmise.
Pakistan has opted to once again be in the comfort zone of the west. This has historically been the case. Multiplying dependencies and a dysfunctional governance spread over several decades perhaps left it no choice. In the present circumstances, Pakistan also seems to have opted to give up on its strategic competition with India. All political parties generally and especially the ones now voted in, have favored good relations with India.
This means that Pakistan gets out of the way of the west’s plans to make India the ‘net security provider’ for the region. The Pakistan military’s focus is on economic development. With a pro-India political dispensation, it should be possible to work out the specifics to get Pakistan breathing space to fix its domestic ills. Pakistan will maintain its special relations with China but will not be in the front on contesting the US Indo-Pacific strategy.
The ball is now in India’s court and chances are that the Hindutva prone Modi administration may not reciprocate the new openings for healthy relations with Pakistan and opt for a hardline approach that will roil public opinion in Pakistan and make it difficult for the government to realize the prospects of genuine rapprochement, even on largely Indian terms.
But definitely, a stream of measures seems to be on the card. Restoration of diplomatic relations at the level of high commissioners to begin with, followed by a normalization of trade relations, the easing of visas and resumption of people-to-people contacts. If India is smart, it may also now favor resumption of the SAARC process of regional cooperation.
Resumption of a high-level dialogue with no fixed agenda should be possible. The Kashmir issue is likely to be relegated to the back burner with Pakistan maintaining its position of token support for Kashmiri self-determination.
It is questionable whether the US and UK will be prepared to invest political capital in persuading India to pursue normalization measures with Pakistan with a degree of fairness. Pakistan’s geo-strategic location does not permit missteps in a volatile and extremely charged global environment. Opting for a safe corner is understandable but whether turbulent forces unleashed around will allow Pakistan to prosper in peace is difficult to surmise.
The fateful vote thus will bring little reprieve if it is to trigger greater political upheavals within and if the new coalition fails to hold ground.
Social Media and Polarization of our Society
Social Media has witnessed a mushroom growth that has impacted the discourse of political, cultural and religious systems by providing the equal opportunity of freedom of expression and of sharing an opinion or viewpoint on any issue.
Social Media has played a greater role in right-wing politics that paved the way for populist politicians to reach out to their voters.
Though Social Media has connected the people around the world, at the same time, it is causing division or disintegration and facilitating the social media lobbyists to polarize the communication so much the people support the arguments or opinions or political tirades against leaders without fact checking.
The world has been rocked by social networks such as Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn and YouTube because the users of these social networks have already surpassed millions and are growing, but due to the limited regulatory framework, fake news, cyberbullying, extremism and terrorism has reached new heights.
The influencers’ interactions with social media users have polarized the political and social circles that led to the formation of online echo chambers, a tactic of social media recommendations by politicians to influence the users to strengthen their narrative regardless of facts that whether it is right or wrong, but it is knit in a manner that echo chambers appear to be normal for the people thus changing the way of thinking and increasing the supporters base.
The echo chambers post such content that we enjoy a lot while reading, while keeping us away from the content that may stir a debate or arguments or expression of our disagreement over certain social, economic, religious, cultural or policy matters.
The echo chambers keep ideas flowing on a regular basis to the one side –the positive side of the argument, while its negative side is deliberately concealed to hide the facts.
This is the big issue that might be discussed with students, who should be informed and taught at school, college or degree level so that positive and constructive use of this digital medium could be ensured.
Social media connectivity around the world is undoubtedly amazing but the problems it created for both people and students are very dangerous, and need to be addressed and regulated.
Digital media, especially social media, for a long time remained unbridled to post any content that may fall in the purview of hatred, racism, bullying, derogatory remarks, character assault, rebellion, or anti-state elements instigating people to create chaos using the olive branch of social media. Since it was not monitored given the type of content being circulated and the information of people posting such content, including their motives behind such content as may have a constant flow of information that is recommended by the users pretending to be professionals, experts and mentors.
Alarmingly, people without fact-checking go on sharing the content and thus creating hype for such an issue as does not have a basis and was the result of a conspiracy to exert pressure on some person or leaders to get some favours.
“The schools and colleges should chalk out the initiative to create awareness and practice of fair use so that social platforms should not post single or one-sided opinions or arguments but should welcome both so that positive use could be ensured. This will further the importance of social media.“
Sometimes, the active echo chambers or volcanoes erupt over such issues as may be beneficial for the wider circle of society, but this finds serious criticism masterminded by people with an individual approach. They term it detrimental for them since it did not serve their interests, though it might have been beneficial for general people.
Humans have an intuitional inclination to communicate with like-minded people or the people with the same choices on social media, thus the echo chambers get even stronger. The discourse that discourages dissenting voices always comes under fire from the thinkers and intellectuals of the nation since it is tantamount to concealing the facts from the people.
The world is coming closer after the covid-19 pandemic that engulfed the entire world, bringing misery and economic crisis. The social media debates go with biased and unbiased approaches regarding getting the vaccine. Some optimists termed it great, while some pessimists or biased approaches raised questions.
The echo chambers try to influence their opinions and win support.Similarly, echo chambers of both Democrats and Republicans only canvassed for their candidates but the leaders instigated the masses to attack Capitol Hill through social media and emotional speeches using their influence on social media, especially Twitter .
Some researchers have found that echo chambers influence people to win support but social media influencers have a follower-base of millions, and may polarize the public and politics, since influencers share success stories like internet marketers compelling you to buy their products.
The opinion leaders and experts reveal that for the last two decades, the percentage of American people having consistently holding liberal or conservative beliefs— rather than a blend of the two, which is the case for most people— has increased from 10 percent to over 20. Beliefs about the other side are becoming more negative creating an alarming situation.
Since 1994, the number of people who see the opposing political party as a threat to “the nation’s well-being or security” has doubled, which heralds how deepening polarization has predictable results raising eyebrows.
The government shutdowns, violent protests, scathing attacks on elected officials, the capitol Hill incident –all indicate that social media have been polarizing the political system and divided the nation each passing day due to echo chambers of both mainstream parties regarding the issues of health, security, human rights, employment and environment.
According to evidence from empirical research conducted on US politicians, politicians following extreme ideologies attracted a larger public audience than those who were moderate, which is the real example of echo chambers.
Usually, messages containing extreme thoughts, emotional instigation, patriotism, or criticizing the opposition received a warm welcome on social media platforms than those messages reflecting merely information.
The polarization of issues and political ideology will have serious repercussions in future that should be addressed on a timely basis so that societies could be saved from further isolation and disintegration.
The issues could be resolved through educating the people and creating awareness about the fair and professional use of social media channels for advocacy for winning support for legislation, an issue, a policy or employment.
Instead of showing the dark side of the issue, we have to educate people regarding both pros and cons of matters of importance for the general public rather than misleading the people with biased approaches to oppose the initiative of the government, community or civil society for the general benefit.
Social Media network operators are the bigwigs and the most influential in this.They cannot be controlled but only be regulated by framing such laws that may ensure fair use of this digital platform and are careful so that users may not face any legal issue by discussing sensitive issues such as desecration of holy places, religions, personalities, anti-state tirades, rebellion, terrorism, extremism and so on. The sensitive issue may stir protests and cause legal proceedings, if the cyber-regulatory laws are implemented to discourage the influence of one-sided opinions or campaigns.
We cannot deny the importance of social media platforms as they provide equal opportunity to people to express and share their thoughts or opinions, but safe and thoughtful use of these platforms will encourage healthy discourse and prove pivotal in promoting dialogue to discuss social, economical and cultural issues peacefully without hitting the sentiments of other communities.
Thus, echo chambers will be less powerful to build a narrative that is appealing but the readers will be engaging themselves in the debates that need interaction.
Undoubtedly, social media platforms have changed the political and social approach of the people and enabled face-to-face digital interaction through video and audio conference calls, so their fair use will mitigate their cons manifold.
The social media networks apply algorithms to connect you with like-minded people but it is up to you whether your engagement in communication is either unbiased or biased.
Social media should be promoting positive discourse to explore the political and economic solutions to the problems of people by reflecting the two sides of the coin so that the discourse be constructive and problem-solving. Social media has given a voice to marginalized people and governments are compelled to resolve the issues of people on a priority basis due to trending topics of social media.
Even the populist leaders may face resistance from social media as the public makes the most of the freedom of expression and criticizes the role of politicians for their failure to address the issues of the public.
In recent times, Facebook, YouTube and Twitter have been creating history in highlighting issues of both public and national interest but at the same time such platforms have been taken by storm by those influencers who continue to feed the news about their vested interests and create psychosocial hype for any issue that may jolt the power corridors of Government.
The politicians always take to Twitter for their precise viewpoint and policy debate and are usually followed by millions of followers. Even the print and electronic media take the tweets as policy statements or the narrative of some party or group.
The schools and colleges should chalk out the initiative to create awareness and practice of fair use so that social platforms should not post single or one-sided opinions or arguments but should welcome both so that positive use could be ensured. This will further the importance of social media.
Adopting the Best Governance System in Pakistan
Pakistan has always oscillated between the good and the bad Governance Models as both the civil and the military powers holding the reins of the country one after another. It is unfortunate for the people of Pakistan that despite the passage of 71 years of Independence, we have not been able to find the best Governance Model yet that may serve our subjects in a better way and bring social and economic prosperity.
The Post-Independence period was tattered as Pakistan faced various economic, Social and infrastructural challenges.Pakistan was deprived of its due share from the joint resources at the time of partition.
Yet, Quaid’s able leadership and brave leadership did not let Pakistan go down since he was visionary and had the clear roadmap to steer the county through crisis to prosperity with planning and untiring efforts. He was of the View that if Pakistan’s problems were not addressed or resolved, It may have failed as the state.
The consequential Martial Laws furthered the woes of people that implemented dictatorial laws which were not meant for the people and were contrary to human rights as safeguarded by the constitution. These were the basis that prompted people to denounce such the military coups and raised their voices to regain their freedom of speech and freedom to act according to one’s wishes and intentions.
Pakistan has experienced both the Presidential and parliamentary form of governance. It has also experienced Civil and Military coups and even sustained so far except the Fall of Dhaka in 1971 when Sheikh Mujib was denied the Government despite having an absolute majority to form the government.
As a result of Governance Crisis, Pakistan has suffered on many fronts i.e economic, social and Security. The Ill-will of the feudal nature of Politicians has forcibly sunk the ship of Pakistan by creating a leadership vacuum and gave rise to corrupt practices that played havoc with its fragile and fractured path.
The changing Governance Models, lack of proper Constitutional Development and consensus building have forced the Fragile state to fall in the Governance crisis since no policy framework was followed that may have provided the basis of Constitutional development. The Institutional Building was not initiated that triggered the constant pull in the civil-military relationship.
That was evident from the promulgation of First Constitution on 23rd March 1956, Nine years after the independence, unfortunately, the Martial law was imposed after two and half years of its inaction on 7th October 1958 by the powerful man in our history General Ayoob Khan.
Being a military General, Ayoob khan wanted a controlled and reasonably weaker form of Democracy, since he believed the western form of Democracy does not suit to Pakistan. Consequently, he introduced the 1962 Constitution which came into force on 1st March 1962.
The biggest change in form governance was the introduction of the Presidential form of government since all the powers vested in the president. He was both head of state and head of Government. The Provinces were given autonomy, equality of mankind, independence of the judiciary; rights of minorities were salient features of the constitution.
The Islamic advisory council was also constituted to advise Govt. over Islamic injunctions or laws.
The presidential form of Government was more suitable since all the power vested in President who was elected directly and there was no burden of ineffective legislators just the skeleton Ministers, Provincial Governors and the staff was enough to run the state affairs in a very effective manner since decision making was on the fast track.
“Even the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam had envisaged 71 years ago during his speech found in the handwritten paper that the presidential form of Government is suitable for Pakistan since a parliamentary form of Government does not work owing to feudal vested interests, illiteracy and lack of visionary leadership.
Actually, he had given clear roadmap that as long as feudalism and feudal approach exists in Pakistan, the democracy cannot develop its roots deeper since these feudal politicians have vested interests that are detrimental to people who vote them to power and tantamount to Islamic Ideologies.”
With the resignation of General Ayoob, the constitutional crises once again aggravated with the abrogation of 1962 constitution.
The story unfolded when Sheikh Mujib ur Rahman had succeeded in winning the majority in the first ever general elections of Pakistan held in 1970 but the then military ruler, President General Yahya Khan, had refused categorically to transfer power to him. Sheikh Mujib was imprisoned in Mianwali. General Yahya resigned succumbing to internal pressure.
Then we had the best constitution gifted by Shaheed Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto. The 1973 constitution promulgated on 14th August 1973 with an overwhelming majority. The 1973 constitution was the turning point in the history of Pakistan as it was considered the complete constitution which safeguarded the rights of every citizen. Though East Pakistan was separated in 1971, yet Bhutto steer the country out of governance and constitutional crisis and had solved the long-standing issue.
Even, he was not spared, he was hanged under Zia regime and was inducted in the Murder plot of Nawaz Mohammad Ahmad Khan Kasuri’s, consequently hanged on 3rd April 1978. Bhutto during his premiership reshaped the foreign policy and made people friendly and people-centric decisions that disrupted the status quo and had great economic extinct since he wanted to establish a World Islamic Bank in Pakistan with the help of Islamic Countries.
Bhutto’s speech UN general assembly still echoes in our hearts as No leader in our history had made such fearless and emotional speech that rocked the Superpowers.
Unfortunately, we could not get such a brave and fearless leader who could speak eye to eye with the enemies and even to the Superpowers.
Though we had a leader like Mohammad Khan Junejo who was also a good Statesman and had ignited the real dream of Welfare State his powers were curtailed by former Chief Martial law Administrator and later Elected President through the so-called referendum General Ziaul Haq.
Later, Benazir Bhutto, the great daughter of Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto rose to heights of success but his teammates sunk her ship through corrupt practices in Government. Then, Pakistan went into the two-party system i.e. PPP and PML from 1988 to October 1999.
In 1999, Pakistan experienced yet another military involvement that sent PML-N government packing by General Musharraf. PM Nawaz was jailed and later released on the interference of Saudi kings and exiled with family.
Musharraf after three years, held elections and his Party PML-Q win the elections. In 2007, Benazir Bhutto returned from Self Exile and apparently assassinated during the Public gathering.
Benazir’s Murder brought the turmoil in the country. PPP won 2008 elections on a sympathy vote and Zardari became the President after Musharraf relinquished due to fears of impeachment.
It was the first time that any civilian Government had completed their term and laid the foundation of Democratic Transition.
The PPP government was not impressive and effective but the only good thing they had done that was the 18th amendments that had offered autonomy to the provinces and few federal ministries were devolved to the Provinces including Health and Education.
The 18th amendment also paved the way for the premier to be elected for the third term as earlier it was just two terms. PML-N won 2013 elections with the majority and completed their term but PM Nawaz was disqualified due to Panama Papers case few months before completion of the tenure.
Finally, democratic transition worked again, and the PTI came into power with the slogan of change and making Naya Pakistan.
if we analyze our history, we would be disappointed to know that most of the time, the Martial Law Administrator governed our country as compared to the civilian Government. This gives the message that Pakistani electoral framework only suits a single powerful system means the presidential form of Government as practised in Turkey, Afghanistan and US.
The presidential form of Government is the strong as the president is the head of State and the head of a Government at the same time. He appoints his ministers from professionals, technocrats and Legislature. He makes timely decisions as a Parliamentary form of Government does not allow implementing policies without the debate and without approval from the parliament.
We are still going through a transition and learning from our past mistakes, yet we need to mull over that which Governance Model suits our people–Parliamentary form of Government or Presidential form of Government or Mixture of both.
It is not the time of meddling with both systems or engage in the debate of good or bad system but we should adopt the best governance system suits Pakistan and benefits the common men and bridges the gap between state and the subjects. The system which provides access to justice offers equal opportunities regardless of religion, caste or creed.
It has been seven decades since independence that we are struggling to form a strong and vibrant system that benefits the people of Pakistan. The issue warrants public debate and is open to the public to give their input which system of Governance may be fruitful for them that strengthens the federation, Federating units and builds the basis of good governance.
Though we have a new government in place but the old players of Opposition Parties PPP, PML-N and JUI, MMA and ANP are giving a tough time to hide their corrupt practices. Therefore, if we want the state to flourish and prosper, we need to put the presidential form of governance for a four or five year to analyze whether it is physible for Pakistan and produces desired results. Either, We have to part ways with the parliamentary form of Government or adhere to the Presidential form of Government as practised in developed nations of the world.
Democratic Transition And Prospects For PTI in GE-2018
Elections in Pakistan have always been Marred by Turmoil, rigging, Horse trading, Nepotism, favouritism, manipulation and bartering of votes.The Voters are influenced and threatened to face dire consequences if they did not vote and support any specific Party Leader usually a traditional Feudal who even warns to forcibly displace or disappear any person if they or their favourite candidate was not voted. In the past several decades, Pakistan has never witnessed any free, fair and transparent elections.
However, The Elections held in 1988 under Army are said to be the fair ones as people believe that people were given free choice to vote for their Favourite candidates. Luckily, PPP under Benazir with simple majority formed their Government.
Afterwards, PPP and PML-N had their turns one after another and maintained their duopoly until General Parvez Musharraf’s Toppling of PML-N second Government when his Plane was denied landing and Even The Army chief was changed in his absence while he was on the official visit.
The Army supported their General and helped him become the Marshal Law administrator and then President after Holding a Public Referendum.
Musharraf enjoyed the largest tenure as Martial Law Administrator and then President of Pakistan After General Zial Haque who had enjoyed the largest tenure as both Martial Law Administrator and Then President. Though ,later he declared that he had not imposed any Martial law.
It is Irony that Pakistan has experienced mostly Military Coups than Civilian Governments as a result we had Iskandar Mirza, General Ayoob Khan, General Yahya, General Zial Haq, Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto and Musharraf as CMLAs though General Musharraf Declared that It was not Martial Law but when he imposed Emergency in the country and kept the constitution in abeyance . The people called it Martial Law or Military Rule as the constitution was suspended.
His reforms especially for improving and reforming Local Governance System and an introduction of New Local Governance system in which Commissionerate System was replaced with District Governments where the District Nazim was the Most Powerful Administrator whereas a Grade 20 Officer worked as District coordination officer to ensure coordination between the Various Departments.
Each Department was headed by a grade 19/20 Officer as Executive District officer such as EDO (finance and Planning) EDO (education ) EDO (Health), EDO (Revenue ) EDO (Agriculture ) and So. It was the first time that Finance Department was devolved at District Level which benefitted the People since each Departmental Budget was released from Account-IV of District instead of Account-I i.e. Provincial Government.
The District Nazim with help of EDO(F&P) prepared their own budget and approved the required schemes upon the recommendation of the District Council members and thus over 80 % of the allocated budget was utilized. Such Utilization changed the shape of Urban and Rural areas and Development was evident from the Massive Development schemes and their Proper Implementation.
The Mayor Karachi, Naimutullah Khan did the best and changed the whole scenario of Karachi and made a very Clean and Green City and later the MQMs Mustafa Kamal became Mayor Karachi and targeted the own areas for Development.
Musharraf held a so called referendum and got himself elected as President and then Held Elections in which his party PML Q came into power and formed the Government in Sindh, Center and Punjab. Then in his era, Benazir Bhutto was assassinated and he was held responsible for Benazir Killing. The Country experienced bloody Riots as the angry mobs set the Govt Buildings, Banks, Schools and Police Station on fire and there was Chaos all-around since Musharraf had stopped the Security Personnel not to resist or stop the Protesters who were protesting against the Brutal Killing of their Leader Benazir Bhutto.
At least Benazir Bhutto was successful to make Musharraf as a civilian President when he was compelled through Political Pressure to withdraw from Military Uniform.
PPP won 2008 Election owing to sympathy vote and Yousuf raza Gillani Became the Prime Minister and then Musharraf was given Clear passage to leave the country and Zardari became the President of Pakistan and completed their Tenure of Five Years. Even Supreme court disqualified Gillani over defiance to Write a letter to swiss Government to Freeze the Bank accounts of Zardari by awarding 30 second Sentence . Thus , Raja Parvez Asharaf replaced him as PM
It was the first time that any Democratic Government had completed its tenure, As earlier, none was able to complete their tenure since most of the civilian governments lasted for 2 to three years hardly which were either dissolved by the presidents under articles 58 2B or ousted by CMLAs.
Then in 2013, PML –N came to power and Formed their Government and Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif Became the only Person in the History who had become the PM third time in Pakistan . As PPP Government had brought 18th Amendment and made the way for the PM third time to hold the Office and given Provincial Autonomy .
The PML N- Government came under fire when PTI complained that there was rigging in General Elections. Even the Speaker NA Ayaz Sadique was disqualified and there was re-poll on his constituency but he re-won the seat and became the Speaker again. The Model town incident and Long March and Dharnas became the order of the Day and then the tremors of Panama Leaks shook the world hard and The Names of Mian Nawaz Sharif, His Sons Hassan and Hussain Nawaz and Her daughter came in corruption list of Panama Papers. All the Parties Started protests and demanded resignation from Nawaz Sharif but his stubbornness cost him lot and he was disgraced publically when he was disqualified on 20th April, 2017 by Supreme Court of Pakistan after the JIT findings in Panama Papers Case.
Nawaz’s Bad luck did not stop here, He was sentenced on Friday, July 6, 2018, for Ten Years and His Daughter Mariam Nawaz for 7 Years and His Son law Captain Safdar for one Year in Aven Field Reference Filed by NAB under Directions of Supreme court of Pakistan.
With Elections 2018 are just three days Away, All the Political Parties are busy in their Election campaigns. Some of The Election rallies are targeted by Suicide Bombings in Mastung and Among the dead were the Workers of Baluchistan Awami Party) including the party’s provincial candidate, Siraj Raisani whereas in Peshawar Suicide Attack ANP Leader for Provincial Seat Haroon Ahmed Bilour was killed and other Party workers were also Killed in the Suicide Blast .
The Political Pundits and Analysts are of the View that the PTI enjoys a Strong position in KPK, Punjab and Sindh followed by Alliance of Religious Parties (Muttahida Majlis e-Amal ) MMA has also strong position in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan. The Baluchistan is Center for religious parties and has always Mix support for Nationalists such as Baluchistan Awami Party, National Party of Pakistan, JUI, PPP and PML – N.
In Sindh, the Old Parties such as MQM has strong hold in Urban Population of Karachi , Hyderabad ,Mirpur Khas whereas PPP has Strength in Interior Sindh . They are facing strong Resistance from Grand Democratic Alliance headed by PML-Functional Head Pir Pagara and other Nationals. Though MQM has seat adjustment with GDA, yet MQM has always preferred to be in power be it PPP or PML-Q. The Other new Force is Pak Sarzameen Party (PSP) Headed by Mustafa Kamala. The Party consists the old stalwarts of MQM who left MQM after differences with Farooque Sattar and joined PSP. This would be the First Election for them to contest and prove their Strength.
It is estimated that GDA will grab more than 40 Seats in Sindh and form their Government in Sindh and will be recognized as an Alternate Force to PPP .
It is very difficult to break the Monopoly of PPP in Sindh yet People are hopeful that they will get rid of PPP hegemony forever and will prefer Service Delivery. If PTI forms an alliance with GDA in Sindh, With National Party in Baluchistan and with MMA in Punjab, KPK and Baluchistan, it will easily form Government and both PPP and PML-N will sit in opposition benches.
Despite all this , it will be very difficult to make any prediction before General Election 2018 but as per the Social Media Surveys, Gallup Pakistan Surveys and Media Debates, It is assumed that PTI will have the lion’s share in NA and PA Seats in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and Baluchistan followed by MMA and GDA in Sindh. The sympathy vote may play a role for PML-N as their Leader Mian Nawaz Shareef is in Adiala jail along with his daughter as there is no any other chance for them as they were tested thrice by the People of Pakistan. PTI has brighter and stronger position to sweep the GE-2018 and Elect Imran Khan as Next PM of Pakistan Let July 25, 2018, come and decide the Future of mainstream parties i.e PTI, PPP, PML-N or MMA who will be the Next PM. Let’s Wait for Elections Results to pour in.
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